Measuring poverty using qualitative perceptions of welfare by Menno Pradham

Cover of: Measuring poverty using qualitative perceptions of welfare | Menno Pradham

Published by World Bank in Washington, DC .

Written in English

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Subjects:

  • Poverty -- Statistical methods.,
  • Basic needs.

Edition Notes

Book details

StatementMenno Pradhan and Martin Ravallion.
SeriesPolicy research working paper ;, 2011, Policy research working papers ;, 2011.
ContributionsRavallion, Martin.
Classifications
LC ClassificationsHG3881.5.W57 P63 no. 2011
The Physical Object
Pagination25, [14] p. :
Number of Pages25
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL96686M
LC Control Number99209102

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Pradhan and Ravallion show how subjective poverty lines can be derived using simple qualitative assessments of perceived consumption adequacy, based on a household survey. Respondents were asked whether their consumption of food, housing, and clothing was adequate for their family's needs.

Measuring Poverty Using Qualitative Perceptions of Welfare Menno Pradhan and Martin Ravallion' Correspondence: Martin Ravallion, World Bank, It Street NW, Washington DC,USA. Measuring poverty using qualitative perceptions of welfare book is with the Development Research Group, World Bank.

Pradhan is with the Economic and Social Institute, Free University Amsterdam. Further, subjective poverty line is derived using qualitative questions about perceived food consumption adequacy (Pradhan and Ravallion ). Van. Measuring poverty using qualitative perceptions of welfare.

Washington, DC: World Bank, Development Research Group, Poverty and Human Resources, [] (OCoLC) Downloadable. The authors show how subjective poverty lines can be derived using simple qualitative assessments of perceived consumption adequacy, based on a household survey.

Respondents were asked whether their consumption of food, housing, and clothing was adequate for their family's needs.

The author's approach, by identifying the subjective poverty line without the usual"minimum-income. Measuring Poverty Using Qualitative Perceptions of Welfare. Pradhan and Ravallion show how subjective poverty lines can be derived using simple qualitative assessments of perceived consumption adequacy, based on a household survey.

Martin and Pradhan, Menno, Measuring Poverty Using Qualitative Perceptions of Welfare (November Measuring Poverty Using Qualitative Perceptions of Welfare Menno Pradhan and Martin Ravallion1 20 August ; revised 19 September Abstract We show how subjective poverty lines can be derived using simple qualitative assessments of perceived consumption adequacy based on a household survey.

By identifying the subjective poverty. The MIT Press is a leading publisher of books and journals at the intersection of science, technology, and the arts. Measuring Poverty Using Qualitative Perceptions of Consumption Adequacy Measuring Poverty Using Qualitative Perceptions of Consumption Adequacy.

• The varying definitions of poverty under the quantitative and the qualitative approach have implications for how poverty data is collected and analyzed under the two approaches.

Under the quantitative approach, the enumerator is always invariably an outsider whose main role is to "extract“ information. This qualitative study investigated the psychological experience of poverty among 2 groups of Filipinos who were interviewed about the effects of.

Note: Poverty headcount ratio at $ a day, Determining poverty lines, depth and severity measures The poverty line determines the threshold of income or expenditure, separating poor and non-poor people. Most countries use multiple poverty lines to capture monetary versus non.

‘This collection of landmark works on the concepts and methods for measuring poverty will be highly valuable to students and scholars in the field. Augmented by an original introduction by S. Klasen, a most prominent contributor to the analysis of poverty, it provides an illuminating synthesis that will remain a key resource for years.’ – Marc Fleurbaey, Princeton University, US.

Pradhan, Menno & Ravallion, Martin, "Measuring poverty using qualitative perceptions of welfare," Policy Research Working Paper SeriesThe World Bank. Datt, Gaurav & Ravallion, Martin, "Farm productivity and rural poverty in India," FCND discussion pap International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).

are evident. It is with these issues in mind that we examine poverty trends using household assets, household characteristics, and household size and composition. Data and Methods Over the past ten years, poverty mapping has become increasingly popular as a method to measure poverty in small areas or regions.

method for measuring poverty. Just as the debate over conventional approaches was gaining momentum in the late 90’s, economist Amartya Sen introduced a detailed and novel approach to understanding poverty. In his book Development as Freedom (Sen ), Sen shifts the conceptual framework by defining poverty as a deprivation of human capabilities.

This review summarizethe qualitative literature as it applies to the following key ques­s tions: 1. What are children’s experiences and perceptions of poverty and benefit receipt. What are parents’ perceptions of poverty and benefit receipt, including interactions.

The article provides welfare-economic definitions of poverty lines and critically assesses the main methods of setting poverty lines found in practice. These can be interpreted as ways of expanding the information set used in applied work to address some long-standing problems in measuring welfare.

not be neglected in debates concerning appropriate ways of measuring poverty. More re-cently, in Section 7 of the Welfare Reform and Work Act () the UK Conservative government replaced income-based measures of child poverty with measures of educa-tional attainment gaps and worklessness.

However, in the absence of a universal defini. using modern statistical modeling techniques, of which models with mixed discrete and continuous data. She coauthored fiMeasuring Vulnerability to Poverty,fl a chapter published in Insurance Against Poverty, edited by Stefan Dercon, Oxford University Press,pp.

The purpose of this review is to summarize the qualitative literature as it applies to the key research questions listed in the next section.

The review informs fieldwork for the Understanding Poverty: Childhood and Family Experiences study, which will involve in-depth interviews with members of about 30 low-income families, including children ranging in age from 7 to 17 and their parents or.

Erikson () describes how criticisms of GNP per capita as a measure of welfare in the s led to a UN expert group, which proposed to measure well-being using ‘level of living’. In the late s, interest was renewed in constructing ‘a parsimonious set of specific indices covering a broad range of social concerns’ (Vogel In most poverty studies a person is defined as poor if he or she lacks enough resources to reach an acceptable standard of living.

Usually the analysis is restricted to economic deprivation and misery. Measurements that use low resources as an indication of poverty are often referred to as indirect measurements of poverty (Ringen, ).

The World Bank's advisory and technical support has led to survey and methodological improvements in many countries. Here are a few examples: By combining population census and household surveys, we worked with the statistical office of the Republic of Serbia to develop a set of poverty maps that show variability in welfare across the country and estimate the poverty rates for.

Poverty is defined using the StatsSA upper-bound poverty line (UBPL) or the StatsSA food poverty line (FPL) (StatsSA, b). Expressed in March Rands, these poverty lines are respectively R and R per capita, per month. Panel weights are used to correct for the presence of attrition in NIDS.

What would be the impacts on poverty of different models of more contributory benefit schemes. How can the effect on poverty of issues of diversity, such as ethnicity, disability, age, gender, sexual orientation or religion, be better understood and addressed. What relevance does inequality in the top half of the income.

is, poverty being defined as not having enough today in some dimension of well-being. It starts with a discussion of what needs to be done to measure poverty (section ) before turning to the analyses that can be carried out using the selected measures (section ). GREER, J.

AND E. THOREKE (): “ A Methodology for Measuring Food Poverty Applied to Kenya,” Journal of Development Economics, 24, 59– PRADHAN, M. AND M. RAVALLION (): “Measuring Poverty Using Qualitative Perceptions of Consumption Adequacy,” Review of Economics and Statistics, 82, – The potential of childhood theory and qualitative methods for child poverty research: Findings from two qualitative studies of poverty in Germany, Children and Youth Services Review, /outh, ().

The poverty simulation's effect on student learning was directly measured using the valid and reliable item Undergraduate Perceptions of Poverty Tracking Survey, which is designed to measure 1) general attitudes toward those living in poverty, 2) understanding and empathy for those living in poverty, and 3) commitment to addressing poverty.

Three approaches to defining poverty levels are discussed—social consensus approaches, budget standard methods, and behavioural approaches. Each addresses different questions and none, of itself, has provided—nor, it is argued, could ever provide—an objective definition of poverty.

The visibility of large-scale studies on the experience of poverty (such as the World Bank's Voices of the Poor Project) led to the development of alternative schools seeking “subjective-qualitative” measures of poverty that would allow room for less tangible factors that emerge more from the words people use to describe their experiences.

Poverty analysts in the “Qualitative” and in the “Quantitative” traditions have been highly active in the policy debates of the past decade. While quantitative approaches have been dominant, especially in policy-making circles, the use of qualitative approaches has been increasing.

Many bilateral and multilateral agencies now routinely. Furthermore, while the poverty head count declined from % to % between andthe uniqueness of the NUHDSS allows us to observe that about 30% of those who were above the poverty line went below the poverty line, whereas 47% of those who were below the poverty line went above the poverty line over the period.

Using qualitative. autonomy, and to reduce poverty. These tend to be associated with differ-ent values and ideologies (see Theoretical Perspectives section) and different countries (see Welfare Regimes section) attach different weights or priorities to these. For example, Liberal welfare regimes (see extracts ) tend to attach more weight to economic efficiency.

erty are not captured by the absolute income poverty measure. Haveman explains several different measures of poverty—such as relative income poverty, “capability” poverty, asset poverty, and subjective poverty—that accommodate aspects of pov-erty beyond the income.

An argument for using a broader poverty measure is made. What poverty means in Brunei is, therefore, little understood, and there is a local belief that poverty in the country is unique and relative.

Moreover, the terms ‘poverty’ (kemiskinan) and ‘poor’ (miskin) are somewhat sensitive in Brunei, but the reason(s) for this sentiment and preferred terms are not known.

This study examines the. Reducing poverty, and providing for minimum needs, is the ultimate yardstick against which to measure development. To this end, the study outlines India's growth rate, improved social indicators, and poverty reduction since the s, but specifies that, despite this progress, poverty is a serious concern, where social indicators remain below comparator countries.

poverty and that it often fails to reflect subjective perceptions of well-being. This article argues that the polemic on method is misdirected; it confuses measure of poverty with measure of well-being and counting problems with concept problems.

But this debate is really a metaphor; the underlying and. Background. User fees gained widespread use as a means of alleviating pressure on constrained public health facility and district budgets in many sub-Saharan African countries and reducing unnecessary demand by populations [1, 2].Yet user fees represent a financial burden for the poor and other vulnerable groups, and may reduce demand for health care services among these groups [3–5].

The depth of poverty, as well as its incidence, can be measured using the poverty gap measure. The poverty gap is the mean shortfall from the poverty line (counting the non-poor as having zero shortfall), expressed as a percentage of the poverty line.

Panel data are often required to distinguish the transient poor from the chronic poor. Increasingly, poverty is understood as multidimensional, comprising social, natural and economic factors situated within wider socio-political processes. The capabilities approach also argues that capturing the perceptions of poor people is fundamental in understanding and measuring poverty.The purpose of this study is to understand to what extent political corruption affects social welfare in Nigeria using a qualitative case study design.

This thesis argues that political corruption leads to a concentration of wealth among a minority of elite government officials, resulting in extensive deficiency of social welfare.

In addition, political corruption has secondary and tertiary.Using changes in compulsory schooling laws as instruments, we estimate significant effects of schooling attainment on the probability of incarceration using Census data from Using data from the Uniform Crime Reports, we also estimate that increases in average schooling levels reduce arrest rates for violent and property crime.

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